Romania a unitary semi-presidential republic is located in the region separating Central and Southeastern Europe and it shares its borders with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east and Bulgaria to the south.
Area: 237,500 square kilometers (91,699 square miles). Romania ranks 11th in continental Europe (4.8% of Europe) and 79th in the World. Romania has no outside territories or dependencies.
Population:With its 20.1 million inhabitants, it is the seventh most populous member of the European Union. Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth largest city in the European Union.
Ethnic groups: 88.9%Romanians, 6.5% Hungarians, 3.3% Romma, 1.3% other minorities
Religion: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 87%, Protestant 6.8%, Catholic (Roman- and Greek-Catholic) 5.6%, other (mostly Muslim) 0.4%, unaffiliated 0.2% .
Highest point on mainland: Moldoveanu (2,544 meters/8,346 feet)
Lowest point on land: Sea level
Time zone: 2 P.M. = noon GMT
Longest distances: 789 kilometers (490 miles) from east to west; 475 kilometers (295 miles) from north to south
Land boundaries: 2,508 kilometers (1,558 miles) total boundary length; Bulgaria 608 kilometers (378 miles); Hungary 443 kilometers (275 miles); Moldova 450 kilometers (279 miles); Ukraine (east) 169 kilometers (105 miles); Ukraine (north) 362 kilometers (225 miles); Serbia and Montenegro 476 kilometers (296 miles)
Coastline: 225 kilometers (140 miles)
Territorial sea limits: 22 kilometers (12 nautical miles)
Main cities: The urban and rural population (54% and 46% respectively) is concentrated in 262 towns and 13.000 villages.
Bucharest – the capital and the largest city of Romania, is the commercial and industrial centre of the country;
Constanta – the most important Romanian port on the Black Sea;
Iaşi – a cultural and manufacturing centre;
Timişoara, a textile, machinery and chemical manufacturing centre;
Cluj-Napoca – a commercial, cultural and administrative centre;
Galaţi – a naval and metallurgical centre;
Braşov – a transportation and industrial centre;
Craiova – a centre of food processing and locomotive manufacturing.
Romania has been a member of NATO since 2004 and part of the European Union since 2007.
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